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2.2 Documentary genre history

 

Metamentaldoc (Documentary Genre, Spanish)

MetamentalDOC is an interactive platform that looks at documentary film and independent documentary film. It is an interactive application halfway between the documentary genre – as can be seen in the interviews section and the documentary piece itself – and a work of cultural dissemination with a didactic and pedagogical objective – as can be seen in the historical background and virtual classroom sections.

Interactive documentary

Historical background section (Recorrido histórico)

http://metamentaldoc.com/metamentaldoc_home.html

 

Summary history of the documentary genre

 

The late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries

Foundation of nonfiction films and the beginning of the documentary genre (1890-1930)

SUBJECT AUTHOR/SINVENTION MOVIE/S  AIM + PROFILE MODALITY 
The birth of the genre in France and the United States Louis LumièreCinematographe La sortie des ouvriers des usines (1895) Prophet Expositive
The socio-ethnographic documentary film Robert Flaherty Nanook of the North (1922)First documentary Anthropological purposeExplorer Expositive
Documentary news during the early twentieth century in Russia Dziga VertovSound Celovek  kinoapparatom (1929) Ideological purposeJournalist(reporter) Reflective
The avant-garde of the 1920s and 30s reflected in documentary Walter RuttmanJeanVigoJoris Ivens Berlin, die Synphonie eines Grosstadt (1927)À propos de Nice (1930)Regen (1929) Aesthetic purposePainter Poetic

1930-1940. Documentary films that changed the world and the genre during the Second World War

First half of the twentieth century

SUBJECT AUTHOR/S
INVENTION
MOVIE/S  AIM + PROFILE MODALITY 
British documentary movement John GriersonLeni RiefenstahlColour Drifters (1929)Triumph des Willens (1929) Social purposeLawyer Expositional
The documentary during World War II Humphrey JenningsFrank Capra Listen to Britain (1942)Why We Fight (1943) Patriotic purposeCall to war Expositional
The post-war period for the documentary Andrew and Annelie Thorndike Du und mancher Kamerad (1955) Evidence and accusatory purpose Expositional and reflective
Movies near Art and neorealism Arne SucksdorfBert Haanstra Det Stora Äventyret (1953)Glas (1958) Artistic and poetic purposePoet Poetic

1950-1960. The film after World War II. Second half of the twentieth century

SUBJECT AUTHOR/S
INVENTION
MOVIE/S  AIM + PROFILE MODALITY 
Access to the historical archives and the reconstruction of memory  The historical chronicle post-World War IIJean Rouch Moi, un noir (1958) Historical purposeChronologist Expositional
Sponsorship by private industrial and commercial enterprises Edward MurrowThe Shell company and Macartism See it now (1951) Promotional purposePromotor Expositional
The Free Cinema movement in Britain and  direct cinema in the United States Robert DrewRichard LeacockFred Wiseman

Synchronic and portable equipment

Chronique d’un été (1961) Observational purposeObserver Observational
The cinéma vérité movement in France Jean RouchEdgar MorinMario Ruspolli High School (1968)Primary (1960) Sociological purposeCatalyst Participative (interactive)

1970-1980. The contemporary documentary to date

Second half of the twentieth century and early twenty-first century

SUBJECT AUTHOR/S
INVENTION
MOVIE/S  AIM + PROFILE MODALITY 
Militant political resistance documentaries John Alpert Health Care: Your Money or your Life (1977) Protest purposeGuerrilla
Latest (new) documentary trends    
Essay-cinema Chris MarkerJean Luc GodardEugene Farocki

Marlon Riggs

La Jetée (1962)Histoire du cinema(1988-1998)
The “dogumentary” (dogma documentary). Lars Von Trier Idioterne (1998)
Dismantling documentaryThe deconstruction of the ephemeral cinema Kevin Rafferty The atomic cafe (1982)
 Appropriation cinema Craig Balwin Tongues Untied (1987)
Experimental ethnography Trinh T. Minh-ha. Surname Viet given name Nam (1959)
Autobiographical cinema Ross McElwee Sherman’s March (1986) Personality films Performative
The filmmaker as collector Agnes Varda Les glaneurs et le glaneuse (2000) Personality films Performative
The filmmaker against himself Alain BerlinerLurdes PortilloMichael Moore Roger & Me (1989) Personality films Performative
The rebuilt/ dramatized documentary Errol Morris The Thin Blue Line (1988) Personality films Performative
The “mockumentary” (fake documentary) Peter Watkins The War Game (1965)

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